The Case for HyperDocs

The first thing that popped into my mind when I started thinking about this
HyperDocs post is that they are truly the gifts that keep on giving. I learned about HyperDocs a few years ago but only within the past year have I fully appreciated their potential for significantly amplifying student learning. Additionally, more than any other tool or strategy, I believe that HyperDocs have the potential for addressing every single ISTE Standard for Students.

HyperDocs are the brain child of Lisa Highfill (@lhighfill), Kelly Hilton (@kellyihilton), and Sarah Landis (@sarahlandis). While they might look like the webquests from days of yore, they are so much more than collections of web links. The foundation of a HyperdDoc is a Google doc (Doc, Slide, Sheet, Site), which encompasses an entire learning cycle from start to finish, whether it is a single day’s lesson or a weeks-long unit. According to the HyperDocs official website, “Creators deliberately choose web tools to give students opportunities to Engage • Explore • Explain • Apply • Share • Reflect • Extend the learning.” The teachers incorporates these elements into the HyperDoc, providing students with opportunities for choice, as well as for communication, collaboration, creativity and critical thinking (the 4Cs) as they work through the lesson or unit.

The best way to model a tool/resource for colleagues is always to give them an opportunity for hands-on experience. When I presented the HyperDocs model at staff meetings last year, I did it in the form of a HyperDoc. I began with a brief description of a HyperDoc, and then I asked staff to jump into the HyperDoc I created for them on the subject of “Positive School Climate at (Their School)”, which is one of our district’s “Areas of Focus.” The HyperDocs were structured with the Engage • Explore • Explain • Apply • Share • Reflect • Extend the learning format, and gave staff choice in which content to read/view, how to respond to prompts, etc. Staff could work together or in groups. Staff’s response to the HyperDocs often mirrored what students’ responses can be when confronted with something new: “What am I supposed to do?” “Which video am I supposed to watch?” etc. So often our students rely on being told exactly what to do and on being guided directly by the teacher, that when they are asked to be self-guided, make choices, and go at their own pace, it can be an unsettling experience. Once staff got the hang of it, however, many quickly realized the power and flexibility that HyperDocs offer.

Once students have completed a few HyperDocs, a next step to explore the structure and to provide students with even more opportunities for communication, creativity, critical thinking and collaboration, is for students to create HyperDocs for one another. This will require students to think like a teacher, and to consider learning outcomes, different ways in which their peers might access new knowledge, demonstrate their learning, etc. It will also give them an opportunity to explore different digital platforms, which they can then use themselves during future projects and learning activities.

Finally, I made a somewhat bold claim at the beginning of this post:
I believe that HyperDocs have the potential for addressing every single ISTE Standard for Students. How can that be? Let me break it down right here:

  1. Empowered Learner: HyperDocs provide students with choice. Choice in technology tools, content, ways to demonstrate learning, and opportunities to extend learning. The independent nature of HyperDocs also require students to explore and troubleshoot technology.
  2. Digital Citizen: HyperDocs often requires students to collaborate in shared online spaces, providing them with opportunities for positive digital interactions. Students will also often have to find media (pictures, videos, written information) online and must ensure that they do so ethically, complying with intellectual property and copyright laws.
  3. Knowledge Constructor: Students working through HyperDocs must often conduct research in order to curate resources and then construct meaning from them. Many HyperDocs are also linked to real-world issues, about which students must conduct research.
  4. Innovative Designer: Depending on the content, students may be asked to engage in the design cycle in order to solve a problem. Also, due to their independent and choice-based nature, students working through HyperDocs must practice perseverance and gain comfort with a certain degree of ambiguity.
  5. Computational Thinker: Again, depending on content, students may be asked to collect and utilize data to solve problems, practice algorithmic thinking, etc. when working through a HyperDoc.
  6. Creative Communicator: All HyperDocs should require students to choose platforms with which to demonstrate and explain their learning. There should always be elements of creative communication, for specific audiences, embedded with each HyperDoc.
  7. Global Collaborator: All HyperDocs should also provide opportunities for student collaboration. Students might collaborate with one another, with family members, or with those in the local or global community. Collaboration might look like the joint creation of a HyperDoc for other students, or the gathering of information from others, or responding to others’ thinking in a digital discussion space.

There are many ways to learn more about HyperDocs. The HyperDocs website is full of resources, templates, and examples; the HyperDocs book is a handy manual to help guide the HyperDocs design process; the Teachers Give Teachers site is a treasure trove of HyperDocs teachers have created and shared with one another; and both Facebook and Twitter have active HyperDoc communities. Once you get the hang of them, designing HyperDocs is a fun, creative endeavor. I challenge everyone to go forth and HYPERDOC!

Moments of Clarity and Connection: ISTE Reflections


Two weeks ago, I attended the annual ISTE (International Society for Technology in Education) conference. As you can see from the infographic above, ISTE was big. Really big.

It’s taken a while to sort through my thoughts about ISTE. It was different from my expectations in a few surprising ways: I assumed that my most valuable takeaways would include replicable ideas for staff professional development, Makerspace plans, new robotics offerings, and many conversations with vendors. Some of that did happen, as evidenced by my copious Google Keep notes containing ideas shared by education practitioners from around the world. I learned about a few new websites, cool (free) digital tools (check out Incredibox), and some innovative districts to follow.

The Expo Hall

I had heard that many vendors hold contests for prizes and give away swag in order to entice attendees to stop by their booths. I walked through the Hall but quickly realized that I am not interested in free t-shirts, pens, stress balls, or Post-Its, and I definitely don’t need to be inundated with cold calls and emails.

I also needed to delegate my time and energy with intention. Each vendor interaction takes a few minutes, so if you stop at every booth and enter every contest, your time is quickly swallowed up. My M.O. for walking through the hall became identifying a distant target and walking through the aisles as quickly as possible, making little to no eye contact with anyone on either side of me. It was hard, because the Expo Hall felt a little like a carnival– jubilant hawkers on microphones announcing the newest this or that, exciting spin-the-wheel games and drawings, demos of the newest AR/VR/Robot/IWB gizmo on the market. I felt a little guilty sidestepping all of this, but I knew that my time would be better spent attending sessions and talking to other educators.

I also kept thinking about this tweet sent to me by a colleague before the conference:


This is a cynical perspective, but one that I think is warranted because Every. Single. Edtech company claims that their product enhances student learning. But what does that really mean? So again, I prefer to learn about companies via my PLN on Twitter, in my district, and via regional edtech organizations. Maybe I missed out on a great company, but if they’re really worth their salt I know I’ll hear about them soon enough.

Moments of Clarity

As for what had the greatest impact on me, what it all boils down to are Moments of Clarity and Connection. By Moments of Clarity, I mean those moments that caught me by surprise, cut through the noise, seemed “essential” in some way. The following are a list of those moments:

  1. Flocabulary Concert and Open Mic Night.
    Many edtech companies host evening social events during ISTE. The hottest ticket this year was to “EdTech Karaoke”, which drew hundreds of attendees to the House of Blues. I would argue, however, that the best and most important event was Flocabulary’s Concert and Open Mic Night. Flocabulary is an edtech resource that uses hip hop to teach academic content and vocabulary. Our district recently purchased a subscription, so I was excited to attend the event and meet some of the Flocab staff and a few of their hip hop artists. The event was held at Reggie’s, a music venue on the south side of Chicago. I was going to try and describe it, but then I read Matt Hollowell’s excellent post “ISTE18: Rap-up, now with truth”, which captures exactly what was so special about the event. In a nutshell, it was about everything that ISTE purports to represent: student voice and engagement; teacher voice and engagement; equity and diversity. At no time did the Flocabulary staff get on stage to talk about subscriptions, pricing, or anything remotely feeling like a sales pitch. Instead, students from Young Chicago Authors shared their poetry on stage, educators tried their hand at rapping about their classes, and even Flocabulary’s own hip hop artists rocked the mic with some Flocab raps as well as their own songs. I also talked to one of the co-founders for a while about how we can continue connecting teachers, students and the artistic community in meaningful ways. For this white, suburban educator, it was an incredible moment of clarity.
  2. Pernille Ripp’s “Ignite” Talk.
    Pernille Ripp is a teacher, speaker, author, and creator of the widely-acclaimed annual Global Read Aloud, in which many teachers in my district participate. She is also a Danish citizen, though lives and works in the United States. I presumed, when she took the stage as the last in a series of “Ignite” talks, that she would talk about the Global Read Aloud or some other education-related topic. She began, however, with a story about how her white skin and blond hair had gotten her out of a potential immigration-related arrest many years ago. This was a talk about white privilege and immigration. You could practically see everyone’s jaw drop– the room was silent. After the conference, Pernille published a blog post containing the full text of her talk. Here is one line:For 20 years no one has ever asked me for my papers again. I have walked freely wherever I wanted to without being questioned, without being asked where I am from, without anyone asking me where I was born, all because of how I look. That is white privilege. When I wrote about how I am never assumed to be an immigrant, someone replied; ‘Well, that is easy to understand, after all, you look like an American.’” Hearing this at an education conference felt so right, and so important– it was one of the few moments at ISTE when I felt like some uncomfortable, yet necessary, truths were spoken, truths that we need to hear because they are lived by our students, their families, and even our colleagues– on a daily basis.
  3. “#EpicFailures by Women Leaders in Educational Technology #oktoplayoktofail”
    This panel discussion addressed two of my favorite things to learn and talk about: 1) Failure and 2) Women in Leadership. The panel included a variety of women in edtech leadership positions. They shared personal stories of professional failure, and how those experiences shaped them and ultimately helped them grow in their careers. They spoke about the importance of sharing these experiences of failure with other women, since it can seem like, as a minority in edtech spaces, we shouldn’t ever admit to anything less than perfection. They also spoke about the importance of sharing successes– and ways in which we can support and encourage one another.

There were a few other important moments, including some thoughts on leadership without fear, student “Ignite” talks, a session about using Virtual Reality with special needs students, and a performance by Chicago’s Hip Hop ConnXion youth dance company. What these moments had in common was that they addressed bigger themes in some way– diversity, equity, student voice/engagement, and authentic leadership.

Moments of Connection

The other significant element of my ISTE experience were Moments of Connection. There’s nothing more energizing than talking to others who are passionate about what they do. First, I made a whole host of new Twitter connections. Whenever I would hear from or meet someone with an interesting perspective, I would immediately follow them on Twitter. Because ISTE was more diverse than my current professional community, I was able to connect with many more people of different races, religions and ethnicities than I ever have before. One thing I have been reading a lot about lately is the importance of diversity of perspective. We are at our best, most productive and successful when we hear from people with experiences that differ from one another. The best place I made these types of new Twitter connections this year was at the Flocabulary event, where I followed the teens from the Young Chicago Authors organization (including Patricia Frazier, Chicago’s National Youth Poet Laureate!), working hip hop artists passionate about music AND helping young people, a diverse group of educators who attended and tweeted about the concert, and some of the amazing Flocabulary staff, who shared their passion for the work they’re doing.

I also enjoyed spending time connecting with regional and CCSD21 colleagues who I don’t get to see often enough. Our state-level organizations affiliated with CoSN (Consortium for School Networking) and ISTE threw a great bash at the Museum of Science and Industry, which provided an excellent networking opportunity.

Finally, it’s been interesting seeing all of the blog posts coming out of other attendees’ ISTE reflections. I am grateful to be part of such a passionate community– especially when some of its members are willing to question sacred cows (most notably in this critique of Google’s newest announcement, in Pernille Ripp’s and Nicholas Provenzano’s pushback against empty edu Twitter platitudes, and in the growing voices of concern regarding ISTE’s embedding of RFID tracking chips in attendee badges). While at times uncomfortable, these conversations are vital to our continual advancement as individuals and as a profession.